استخوانبندی دست و پا

تماس بگیرید

توضیحات

استخوانبندی دست و پا

استخوانبندی دست و پا

اندام فوقانی که در اصطلاح عامیانه به آن دست گفته می‌شود در کالبدشناسی عبارت است از هردو مجموعه چپ و راست شانه،بازو، زیر بغل، آرنج، ساعد و دست در انسان.

اندام تحتانی در کالبدشناسی عبارت است از مجموعه لگن خاصره، ران، زانو، ساق، مچ، قدم، کف پا و انگشتان پا. استخوان‌های لگن خاصره نیز جزو اندام تحتانی هستند.

اندام فوقانی ( upper extremity )

اندام فوقانی شامل استخوان های:
بازو
زند زیرین
زند زبرین
مچ دست
کف دست
و انگشتان دست می باشد.

بازو ( humerus )بازو

زند زیرین و زند زبرین ( ulna and radius )

زند زیرین و زند زبرین

استخوان های مچ دست ( carpal bones )

ناحیه مچ دست از هشت قطعه استخوان، موسوم به استخوان های کارپال ساخته شده است.
استخوان های مچ دست که بر اساس شکلشان نامگذاری شده اند در دو ردیف بالایی و پایینی در کنار یکدیگر قرار می گیرند

استخوان های ردیف بالایی از سمت خارج به داخل (در وضعیت آناتومیک) :

ناوی (به شکل قایق)، هلالی (به شکل هلال ماه)، هرمی (به شکل سه گوش) و نخودی (به شکل نخود)

استخوان های ردیف پایینی از سمت خارج به داخل (در وضعیت تشریحی) :

ذوزنقه (چهار ضلعی با دو ضلع موازی با یکدیگر) ، شبه ذوزنقه ( چهار ضلعی نامنظم ) ، بزرگ ( استخوان بزرگ و مرکزی و میانی مچ) ، چنگکی ( دارای یک زائده قلاب یا چنگک مانند )

 

استخوان های کف دست ( metacarpal bones )

مچ دستدر هر دست پنج استخوان کف دستی (متاکارپال) وجود دارد.
استخوان های کف دست به ترتیب از سمت شصت به طرف انگشت کوچک شماره گذاری می شوند (دست در وضعیت آناتومیک قرار دارد)

استخوان کف دست

بندهای انگشتان ( phalanges )

انگشت

اولین انگشت (شصت) دو بند دارد، بقیه

انگشتان دست هر کدام سه بند دارند.
تعداد کل استخوان های انگشتان هر دست چهارده قطعه است

کافه پزشکی توصیه می کند :  اختلال تکاملی مفصل لگن (DDH) چیست ؟ | کافه پزشکی

اندام تحتانی ( lower extremity )

کمربند لگنی :کمربند لگنی

استخوان های هیپ(بی نام) سمت راست و چپ همراه با استخوان خاجی یک حلقه کامل استخوانی موسوم به کمربند لگنی را تشکیل می دهند. کمربند لگنی اندام تحتانی را به استخوان بندی محوری متصل می کند.

لگن ( Pelvis ) : مجموعه ی لگن از دو استخوان هیپ (بی نام)، یک استخوان خاجی و یک استخوان دنبالچه تشکیل شده است.

استخوان هیپ

مفصل هیپ

 

استخوان ران ( Femur )

مفصل ران

استخوان ران (فمور) درازترین استخوان بدن است. این استخوان از طرف بالا با استخوان هیپ مفصل می شود و مفصل ران را تشکیل می دهد و از طرف پایین نیز با استخوان درشت نی مفصل شده و مفصل زانو را تشکیل می دهد.

استخوان ران

استخوان کشگک ( Patella )

استخوان کشگک (کاسه زانو) بزرگترین استخوان سزاموئید یا کنجدی ( یک واژه یونانی برای چیزی شبیه تخم کنجد می باشد ) بدن انسان است. این استخوان با انتهای تحتانی استخوان ران مفصل می شود.

کشگک زانو

درشت نی و نازک نی ( Tibia and Fibula )

ناحیه ساق پا شامل دو استخوان بلند موسوم به درشت نی و نازک نی می باشد. استخوان درشت نی نسبت به نازک نی بزرگتر و درشت تر است و در بخش داخلی این استخوان قرار دارد.

درشت نی نازک نی

ناحیه پا ( Foot )

ناحیه پا شامل استخوان های:
مچ پا
کف پا
و انگشتان است.

 

استخوان های مچ پا ( Tarsal bones )

پاناحیه مچ پا از هفت قطعه استخوان، موسوم به استخوان های تارسال ساخته شده است.
استخوان های مچ پا شامل:
استخوان قاپ، استخوان پاشنه، استخوان ناوی استخوان تاسی و استخوان میخی (داخلی، میانی، خارجی) می باشند

استخوان های پا

استخوان های کف پا ( metatarsal bones )

در هر پا پنج استخوان کف پایی (متاتارسال) وجود دارد. استخوان های کف پا به ترتیب از سمت شصت به طرف انگشت کوچک شماره گذاری می شوند.

کف پا

بندهای انگشتان ( phalanges )

انگشتان پا نیز مثل انگشتان دست از چهارده قطعه استخوان تشکیل شده اند. اولین انگشت پا نیز همانند انگشت شصت دست فقط دو قطعه استخوان دارد. بقیه انگشتان پا هر کدام سه قطعه استخوان دارند که بندهای اول، دوم و سوم انگشتان نامیده می شود.

انگشتان پا

140 Comments

  1. Can I just say what a aid to find somebody who really knows what theyre speaking about on the internet. You positively know how one can deliver an issue to gentle and make it important. More people have to read this and perceive this side of the story. I cant consider youre not more standard since you definitely have the gift.

  2. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through a few of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m definitely delighted I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  3. Nice post. I find out something more difficult on distinct blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to learn to read content using their company writers and exercise a specific thing from their store. I’d would prefer to apply certain together with the content in this little weblog whether you do not mind. Natually I’ll offer you a link on your web blog. Thank you for sharing.

  4. After exploring a handful of the articles on your web page, I seriously like your way of writing a blog. I saved it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my website too and let me know what you think.

  5. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog
    to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good
    gains. If you know of any please share. Many thanks! You
    can read similar article here

  6. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after looking at some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly pleased I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often.

  7. You’re so cool! I don’t believe I have read something like this before. So great to discover another person with original thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is required on the web, someone with a little originality.

  8. Having read this I believed it was very enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile.

  9. I’m impressed, I must say. Truly rarely do I encounter a blog that’s both educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you might have hit the nail within the head. Your notion is outstanding; ab muscles something that insufficient persons are speaking intelligently about. We’re very happy that I found this in my seek out something with this.

  10. The when I just read a weblog, Lets hope who’s doesnt disappoint me approximately this one. What i’m saying is, Yes, it was my choice to read, but I really thought youd have something interesting to mention. All I hear is usually a handful of whining about something you could fix when you werent too busy in search of attention.

  11. Thank you for making my personal students have access to your website post. Your kindness will be greatly appreciated. I’ve got some ongoing projects and I wanted all these students assist me with it. The only way they could do this was carry out some exploration on the internet so as to help make my work faster. They came across your site along with the content on it, specially this blog post, seriously helped them to come to good conclusions on things we needed to carry out. Of course, I will continue to visit the site for new updates on this major and other issues useful.

  12. There are definitely a variety of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to carry up. I offer the ideas above as normal inspiration however clearly there are questions just like the one you convey up where crucial thing will be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, however I am certain that your job is clearly recognized as a fair game. Both boys and girls really feel the impact of just a second’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  13. Took me time to read all of the feedback, but I actually loved the article. It proved to be very useful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It is always good when you can’t solely learn, but in addition engaged! I’m sure you had pleasure writing this article. Anyway, in my language, there aren’t a lot good source like this.

  14. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anyone else getting the same RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!

  15. Hi, I do believe this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to return once again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  16. The very next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won’t disappoint me just as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I really thought you would probably have something interesting to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you can fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  17. I’m more than happy to discover this web site. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this particularly fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every little bit of it and I have you book-marked to check out new stuff in your blog.

  18. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently.

  19. Aw, this was a really nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to produce a good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

  20. The next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, however I really believed you would probably have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something you could fix if you weren’t too busy looking for attention.

  21. After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the same comment. Is there a means you are able to remove me from that service? Kudos.

  22. The next occasion Someone said a blog, Lets hope that it doesnt disappoint me around brussels. Get real, Yes, it was my solution to read, but I actually thought youd have some thing fascinating to convey. All I hear can be a couple of whining about something that you could fix if you ever werent too busy trying to find attention.

  23. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who was doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this topic here on your internet site.

  24. Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to revisit yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  25. I’m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something which too few people are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I found this in my hunt for something concerning this.

  26. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to send this information to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  27. Hello there! This post could not be written much better! Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I’ll forward this information to him. Pretty sure he will have a very good read. Thank you for sharing!

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *